Sturge-Weber Syndrome (encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis)
is consistent with a facial birthmark and neurological abnormalities that can include eye and organ
irregularities. A facial port wine birthmark is present at birth; however, in rare instances there is
an absence of the port wine stain.
The extra collection of blood vessels on the
brain creates abnormal conditions for
function and seizure activity is triggered most often at a young age.
Vigorous attempts are made to obtain seizure control with the use of anti-seizure medication.
Patients who have Sturge-Weber Syndrome often require surgery for glaucoma when the eye
is affected and laser treatments to reduce or eliminate the port wine stain birthmark.
They may also have motor
and cognitive delay which will also vary in degree.
Patients are often followed by a pediatrician, neurologist, ophthalmologist, and
dermatologist. There may be a need to access the services of a special educational consultant, psychologist,
speech therapist, occupational therapist, physiotherapist and behavioural specialist. Orthodontic/dental
concerns may need to be addressed.